New archaeological evidence points to a previously unknown Viking exploration of Notre Dame Bay in Newfoundland, Canada.
Archaeologists even suggest that the voyage, which lead from L’Anse aux Meadows and deep into the bay, may have lead to the first contact between Vikings and Native Americans.
The evidence for this comes largely from two jasper artifacts used by the Norse to start fires. The artifacts themselves were found at L’Anse aux Meadows close to a known Viking site, but chemical analysis suggests they originated in the Notre Dame Bay some 140 miles away.
“First contact” in this context probably wasn’t very friendly.
While that’s likely true, given the Viking penchant for raiding, it’s not necessary so — remember, Vikings also were traders, and had metal items that the Native Americans would have lacked. The meeting would certainly have been awkward, but it’s also possible that these artefacts were obtained through trade.